Many bamboo species have extensive root systems from which new plants are constantly growing. Therefore, not the whole plant dies by cutting a bamboo stem - as is the case with trees. The rapid growth also means that bamboo can store extremely large amounts of CO2 compared to trees.

Hardly any fertilizers, pesticides or artificial irrigation methods are used in cultivation because the plants are extremely resistant. The direct effects of bamboo cultivation on the environment are therefore comparatively small.
Because the wood is very hard and dense, robust, durable furniture and floor coverings can be made from bamboo. At the same time it is light and flexible. The variety of varieties ranges from grasses a few centimetres high to 40-metre high "forests".